Use of ‘Has/ have’ in Spoken English

‘Has/ have’ are known as the helping verbs or auxiliary verbs which are generally used in perfect tenses after pronoun.

➡ They always come before the main verbs only if they are used as helping verbs.

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   For example:

  • I have done this before.
  • Amit has completed his work.

In both cases, has/ have are used as helping verbs.

➡ ‘Has/ have’ can also be used as the main verbs.

    For Example :

  • She has a big farm house.
  • He has a car.

In both cases, has/ have are used as the main verbs.

➡ Has is used with 3rd singular person ( He, She, It, or a noun )

➡ Have is used with They, We, I, You, etc.

➡ Had is used with all He, She, It, They, We, I, You, etc.

➡ International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) of Has/ have :  /hav/

Examples of ‘Has/ have’  in ‘Present Perfect Tense’ in Spoken English:

( Has/ Have + Past Participle )

  • She has made the project.
  • He has eaten his breakfast.
  • It has become more complex now.
  • I have seen that movie four times.
  • You have taken the credit.
  • They have finished their work.
  • We have learned the lesson.
  • Anuj has improved his english.

Examples of ‘Has/ have’ in ‘Present Perfect Continuous Tense’ in Spoken English:

( Has/ Have + Been + Present Participle + ing )

  • He has been working for two hours.
  • She has been teaching since July.
  • It has been raining for six hour regularly.
  • I have been reading for three hours.
  • They have been practicing since monday.
  • You have been feeling sick for sometime.
  • We have been playing football for one hour.
  • Shashank has been riding the bike for five hour.

Examples of ‘Has/ have’ in ‘Past Perfect Tense’ in Spoken English:

➡In this tense, we use ‘had’ in place of ‘has/ have’.

( Had + Past Participle )

  • I had never seen such a beautiful girl before.
  • She had read the book.
  • You had studied that before.
  • He had visited New Delhi so many times.
  • They had finished their work.
  • We had never been to Australia.
  • Vishal had left for Sweden.

Examples of ‘Has/ have’ as Affirmative, Negative and Interrogative in Spoken English:

Simple Present Tense

  • They have a beautiful garden. ( Affirmative )
  • They don’t have a beautiful garden. ( Negative )
  • Do they have a beautiful garden? ( Interrogative )

Present Perfect Tense

  • I have finished my work. ( Affirmative )
  • I haven’t finished my work. ( Negative )
  • Have I finished my work? ( Interrogative )

Present Perfect Continuous Tense

  • Mayank has been reading for two hours. ( Affirmative )
  • Mayank hasn’t been reading for two hours. ( Negative )
  • Has Mayank been reading for two hours? ( Interrogative )

Past Perfect Tense

  • We had read the newspaper. ( Affirmative )
  • We hadn’t read the newspaper. ( Negative )
  • Had we read the newspaper? ( Interrogative )

Past Perfect Continuous Tense

  • She had been making the project. ( Affirmative )
  • She hadn’t been making the project. ( Negative )
  • Had she been making the project. ( Interrogative )

Common Error that occur using ‘Has/ have’ in Spoken English:

  • I has made it. (✕)
  • I have made it. (✓)
  • She have made coffee for me. (✕)
  • She has made coffee for me. (✓)
  • Rohit have been playing for three hours. (✕)
  • Rohit has been playing for three hours. (✓)

 

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